Terpenes of cannabis are the fragrant oils that give cannabis strains their distinct scents. Terpenes aid the body to take in and use cannabinoids their therapeutic effects. They also alter or reduce some of the effects of cannabinoids like THC.
Terpenes have as much importance as cannabinoids?
Cannabis terpenes and cannabinoids collaborate to create the greatest effect from all strains of cannabis. The majority of terpenes come from plant matter, such as citrus rinds or pine needles. Even though essential oils can be used for aromatherapy, these aren’t common. Terpenes may also come from animals , or even from insects.
In most cases, they’re distilled from plant matter. The cannabis plant has more than 200 different terpenes . They contribute to the distinct odors and flavors of a particular strain. Terpenes are the main reason behind the lemon and lavender scents. Terpenes provide a plant’s natural defense mechanism, and they have been used in food preparation for centuries to improve the taste of many different foods.
The aroma and flavor of cannabis terpenes are not only essential, but they also possess therapeutic properties. According to some experts terpenes, the constituents that contribute to many of the distinguishing characteristics of a particular strain, have been proven to have positive effects on all sorts of things from stress and migraines to mood swings and inflammation.
As cannabinoids do, terpenes are able to bind to receptors throughout our bodies and brains that control the state of mind, memory, sleep patterns as well as hunger. Terpenes when combined with cannabinoids can enhance the effects of cannabis for healing and can reduce side effects.
These chemical compounds function in synergy to enhance your cannabis experience and provide stronger, longer-lasting relief. This is also why different combinations of cannabinoids might impact patients’ ailments in different ways. A strain high in CBD may not have any psychoactive effects, however it’s impossible to predict what terpenes specific to a particular strain will do to patients.
The most commonly used cannabis terpenes, and their benefits
1. Alpha-pinene is the main terpene that can be found in pine needles sage and has a distinctive evergreen aroma. It’s also found in rosemary, dill, parsley and basil. In the majority of cannabis strains, alpha-pinene occurs in low concentrations, but it has been reported that strains with elevated levels of alpha-pinene have been linked to improved concentration and memory.
2. Beta-myrcene: The terpene that is found in this to the smell of hops and thyme. It can also act as an anti-inflammatory. Myrcene is also present in mangoes, lemongrass and thyme. Myrcene’s sedative properties may be beneficial in cases of restless legs syndrome or insomnia.
3. Limonene: Lemongrass, peppermint, rosemary and cannabis contain significant amounts of Limonene. It is a distinctive lemon scent that has antidepressant and anticancer properties.
4. Linalool: Linalool is present in lavender, mint coriander, birch and rosewood. Linalool is a good ingredient for treatment of depression and anxiety, and can provide the ability to calm. People report feeling sedated when they use cannabis strains that have high levels of Linalool.
5. Caryophyllene is the only terpene to bind to receptors for cannabinoid. This is what gives clove its distinctive aroma. Caryophyllene, in addition to imparting a spicy aroma to the cannabis plant, is also thought to be anti-inflammatory. It may also aid in the treatment of anxiety.
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